Albemarle County was formed in 1744 and is named after Willem van Keppel, the second Earl of Albemarle. He was a British diplomat who served at one point as Governor of the Virginia colony. The current borders were established in 1744.
The original county seat was Scottsville, but was moved to Charlottesville in 1761.
The 2010 U.S. Census counted 98,970 people in Albemarle, making it the 10th largest county in Virginia. That represents a 17.6% increase from 2000. 
Zoning and development
35 square miles (5%) of Albemarle County has been set aside as Designated Growth Areas while the remainder of the County lies in the Rural Areas. The County conducts planning efforts to channel growth into Development Areas in order to maintain the rural character of the County, facilitate economical service delivery and to promote neighborhood-style development as the preferred design.
Each of the County's designated growth areas is either master planned, or a master plan is pending. These are for Crozet, the area surrounding U.S. 29, the Pantops Master Plan, and the Village of Rivanna Master Plan.
Oversight of land use issues is performed by staff in the Department of Community Development.
The County's legislative body is the Albemarle County Board of Supervisors. Various boards and commissions help provide guidance to the Board as well as to the County Staff. A County Executive is hired by the Board of Supervisors to implement their policies, prepare and execute the budget, and to direct day-to-day operations of the County government.
County government is guided by the County's Strategic Plan which sets benchmarks for key goals.
Albemarle is also a member of the Thomas Jefferson Planning District Commission.
In August 2010, the county was awarded a AAA bond rating by Standard & Poor's.
"To enhance the well-being and quality of life for all citizens through the provision of the highest level of public service consistent with the prudent use of public funds"
"Albemarle County will feature walkable and self sufficient communities. The Countryside will be rural. The County's natural resources and natural beauty will be maintained. The County's educational system will be world class and the County's quality of life will be exceptional."
Scottsville is an independent town located along the James River in the southern part of the County. It has its own town council and police force.
- Main article: List of Albemarle communities
While Albemarle County only has one independent town, there are several distinct communities in the County.
The County's water supply is managed by the Rivanna Water and Sewer Authority. The County Executive serves as one of five voting members of the RWSA's Board of Directors. Albemarle County residents on public water pay their bills to the Albemarle County Service Authority, which maintains the delivery to its customers.
The County does not currently build its own roads, but there has been discussion of taking on more responsibility to build and finance road projects. The County has a priority list for how Virginia Department of Transportation funding should be spent on both primary and secondary roads. Two members of the Board of Supervisors participate on the MPO Policy Board, a regional body that plans for area transportation.
The County has its own Fire and Rescue Department.
One concern is whether the county's urban areas provide sufficient opportunities for pedestrians.
- Albemarle County website
- Albemarle County on wikipedia
- Albemarle County Geographic Information Systems
- County list of Boards and Commissions
- Albemarle County Strategic Plan FY07 - FY10
- Land Use and Planning Glossary
- Zoning code
- Rainville, Lynn. "LoCoHistory » Blog Archive » The Earl and the Queen." LoCoHistory. 3 Feb. 2007. Web. 21 July 2010. <http://www.locohistory.org/blog/albemarle/2007/02/03/the-earl-and-the-queen/>.
- Web. Analyzing area's growth will be key for future planning, Daily Progress, World Media Enterprises, February 5, 2011, retrieved February 9, 2011.
- "Albemarle County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau." State and County QuickFacts. Web. 29 June 2010. <http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/51/51003.html>.
- Albemarle County. County Receives AAA Bond Rating From Standard & Poors. Albemarle County. Albemarle County, 19 Aug. 2010. Web. 20 Aug. 2010. <http://www.albemarle.org/navpages.asp?info=release&ID=11713>.
|Rockingham County||Greene County||Orange County||
|Augusta County||↑||Louisa County|
|← Albemarle County →|
|Nelson County||Buckingham County, across the James River||Fluvanna County|