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Planning for the road dates back to the late 1950's. A southern alignment and a northern alignment were both under consideration by the U.S. Bureau of Public Roads. Groups such as the Albemarle Community Association opposed the northern route because it would travel through Albemarle, while the [[Chamber of Commerce] supported that option. 
In June 1959, the State Highway Commission opted for the southern route. Consultants had recommended the northern route.  Supporters of the northern route argued it would be cheaper to construct. 
The course is approximately east-west. From the west, it enters the county at Afton, continues eastward near Charlottesville, and enters Fluvanna County to the east, past Keswick. Throughout the county, it closely follows the path of U.S. Route 250.
There are seven exits in Albemarle County.
|Exit number||Signed as|
|20||107||US Route 250 to Crozet, Yancey Mills|
|21||114||County 637 to Ivy|
|22||118||US Route 29 118A to Lynchburg (south) and 118B Culpeper (north)|
|23||120||County 631, 5th Street to Charlottesville|
|24||121||Virginia State Route 20 121A to Scottsville (south) and 121B to Charlottesville (north)|
|25||124||US Route 250 to Shadwell (east), Charlottesville (west)|
|26||129||County 616 to Keswick, Boyd Tavern|
- Web. Opponents of Interstate Rt. 64 Meet with Highway Official, Staff Reports, Daily Progress Digitized Microfilm, Lindsay family, February 16, 1959, retrieved February 16, 2017 from University of Virginia Library. Print. February 16, 1959 page 1.
- Print: U.S. Bureau Will Study Highway 64, , Daily Progress, Lindsay family January 5, 1960, Page .
- Print: North Rt. 64 Backers Ask For Hearing, Staff Reports, Daily Progress, Lindsay family February 6, 1960, Page .