This article is a date listing important or significant events that happened (or will happen) on events for the year 1954
- May 2 – Martin Luther King, Jr. gave a sermon at Dexter Avenue Baptist Church..."One of the most common tendencies of human nature is that of placing responsibility on some external agency for sins we have committed or mistakes we have made. We are forever attempting to find some scapegoat on which we cast responsibility for our actions…Not environment; not heredity; but personal response is the final determining factor in our lives. And herein lies our area of responsibility." 
- Randolph Louis White (1896-1991) founded the Charlottesville-Albemarle Tribune, a newspaper serving Charlottesville's African American community.
- April 15 – Charlottesville voters approved establishment of a Redevelopment and Housing Authority “by a narrow margin of 36 votes in a climax to five years of effort to get a slum clearance and low-rent housing program organized.” The total vote of 2,174 was heavier than usual for a special election in which only one issue was involved.