Template:Cite web

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Web. [ ]

Usage

Use to cite references that appear on the web.

Parameters

remember these are case sensitive:

  • Required
    • url and
    • title are required.
  • optionally takes, and will appear in this order following the link:
    • author,
    • work,
    • publisher,
    • location,
    • publishdate,
    • accessdate (shows as "retrieved").

Examples

{{cite web |title=Will bridge project endanger Shamrock Road pedestrians? |url=http://www2.dailyprogress.com/news/2010/sep/11/will-bridge-project-endanger-shamrock-road-pedestr-ar-500924/}}

produces:

Web. Will bridge project endanger Shamrock Road pedestrians?

{{cite web |title=Will bridge project endanger Shamrock Road pedestrians? |url=http://www2.dailyprogress.com/news/2010/sep/11/will-bridge-project-endanger-shamrock-road-pedestr-ar-500924/|author=Rachana Dixit|work=''Daily Progress''|publisher=Media General|location=|publishdate=Sept 11, 2010|accessdate=Sept 12, 2010}}

produces:

Web. Will bridge project endanger Shamrock Road pedestrians?, Rachana Dixit, Daily Progress, Media General, Sept 11, 2010, retrieved Sept 12, 2010.

TemplateData

Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

Template parameters

This template has custom formatting.

ParameterDescriptionTypeStatus
URLurlURL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the  protocol relative scheme "//..."

Default
empty
Example
https://www.metacritic.com//...
Auto value
empty
Stringrequired
Titletitle

The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added. Usually found at the top of you web browser. Not the name of the website.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringrequired
Last namelastlast1authorauthor1author1-lastauthor-lastsurname1author-last1subject1surnameauthor-lastsubject

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Linesuggested
First namefirstgivenauthor-firstfirst1given1author-first1author1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Linesuggested
Author linkauthorlinkauthor-linksubjectlinksubject-linkauthorlink1author-link1author1-linksubjectlink1author1linksubject-link1subject1-linksubject1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Authors listauthorspeoplehostcredits

List of authors as a free form list. Use of this parameter is discouraged, "lastn" to "firstn" are preferable. Warning: do not use if last or any of its aliases are used.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Last name 2last2author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 2first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 2authorlink2author2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Source datepublishdatedate

Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use access-date instead; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Datesuggested
Year of publicationyear

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Editor last nameeditor-lasteditor1-lasteditoreditors

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first nameeditor-firsteditor1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor linkeditor-linkeditor1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 2editor2-lasteditor2

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 2editor2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 2editor2-linkeditor2linkeditorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Websitewebsitework

Name of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics. Having both 'Publisher' and 'Website' is redundant in most cases

Default
empty
Example
Rotten Tomatoes
Auto value
empty
Stringsuggested
Series identifierseries

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Publisherpublisher

Name of the publisher; may be wikilinked. Having both 'Publisher' and 'Website' is redundant in most cases.

Default
empty
Example
"CBS Interactive" which owns "Metacritic.com"
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Location of publicationlocation

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Pagepage

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Pagespages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source); displays after 'pp.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Atat

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Languagelanguage

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Script titlescript-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Translated titletrans-titletrans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Typetype

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Formatformat

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Othersothers

Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'. Only one ''others'' parameter is allowed: e.g., 'Illustrated by Jane Doe; Translated by John Smith'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Original yearorig-yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Place of publicationpublication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Publication datepublication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Published viavia

Name of the entity hosting the original copy of the work, if different from the publisher. This entity is committed not to alter the work. GitHub, SourceForge, CodePlex, YouTube, Vimeo, Dailymotion and Netflix are examples of service dedicated to acting on behalf of the publisher, but Archive.org, Wikimedia Commons and grc.com have done this on certain occasions.

Default
empty
Example
"GitHub", which hosts "Visual Studio Code" on behalf of "Microsoft"
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
No ppnopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
arXiv identifierarxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
ASINasin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
ASIN TLDasin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Bibcodebibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
biorXivbiorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
CiteSeerXciteseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
DOIdoi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
DOI broken datedoi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
ISBNisbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
ISSNissn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
jfm codejfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
JSTORjstor

JSTOR identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
LCCNlccn

Library of Congress Control Number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
MRmr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
OCLCoclc

Online Computer Library Center number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
OLol

Open Library identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
OSTIosti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
PMCpmc

PubMed Center article number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
PMIDpmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
RFCrfc

Request for Comments number

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
SSRNssrn

Social Science Research Network

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Zblzbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
idid

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
URL access levelurl-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Archive URLarchive-urlarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archive-date'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringsuggested
Archive datearchive-datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringsuggested
Dead URLdead-urldeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringsuggested
URL access dateaccessdateaccess-date

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Datesuggested
Quotequote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; must include terminating punctuation

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Refref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Postscriptpostscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

Default
.
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Subscription requiredsubscription

When set to yes, displays “(subscription required)” to indicate an online source that requires subscription

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Registration requiredregistration

When set to yes, displays “(registration required)” to indicate an online source that requires registration

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Separatorseparator

The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as   do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

Default
.
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Lay URLlayurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Lay sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Lay datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Author maskauthor-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Last name 3last3author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 3first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 3authorlink3author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 4last4author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 4first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 4authorlink4author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 5last5author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 5first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 5authorlink5author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 6last6author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 6first6

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 6authorlink6author6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 7last7author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 7first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 7authorlink7author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 8last8author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 8first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 8authorlink8author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Last name 9last9author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
First name 9first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Author link 9authorlink9author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Author name separatorauthor-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as   do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

Default
,
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Author separatorauthor-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as   do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

Default
;
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Display authorsdisplay-authorsdisplayauthors

Number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

Default
8
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Numberoptional
Last author ampersandlastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Editor last name 3editor3-lasteditor3

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 3editor3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 3editor3-linkeditor3linkeditorlink3

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 4editor4-lasteditor4

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 4editor4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 4editor4-linkeditor4linkeditorlink4

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 5editor5-lasteditor5

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 5editor5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 5editor5-linkeditor5linkeditorlink5

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 6editor6-lasteditor6

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 6editor6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 6editor6-linkeditor6linkeditorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 7editor7-lasteditor7

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 7editor7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 7editor7-linkeditor7linkeditorlink7

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 8editor8-lasteditor8

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 8editor8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 8editor8-linkeditor8linkeditorlink8

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editor last name 9editor9-lasteditor9

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor first name 9editor9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Lineoptional
Editor link 9editor9-linkeditor9linkeditorlink9

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Pageoptional
Editionedition

Specify the edition or revision of the source, when applicable. For example: '2nd' or '5.1'. What you supply here is suffixed by ' ed.'

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Bibcode access levelbibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
DOI access leveldoi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
HDL access levelhdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
Jstor access leveljstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
OpenLibrary access levelol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional
OSTI access levelosti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

Default
empty
Example
empty
Auto value
empty
Stringoptional

See also

E-mail citations

To cite e-mail sources {{cite email}}

Media Citation templates

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Some templates make creating these citations simple!

Media Navboxes

  • {{radio stations}} displays radio stations organized by several methods.

Government Citation templates

Government meeting minutes provide significant raw material for cvillepedia articles. A necessary condition of using those sources is providing citations from those sources.

Here are some templates make creating these citations simple: