Dr. Rosa Atkins served as superintendent of Charlottesville City Schools from July 2006 to May 2021.  Atkins held the position for 15 years before moving into a leadership role with the state Department of Education. Acting Superintendent Jim Henderson came out of retirement to serve as the bridge from Atkins to her permanent replacement. 
On November 29, 2018, the CharlottsSchool Board voted unanimously to renew another four-year contract with Superintendent Rosa Atkins through the 2022-23 academic year. Her previous term of employment began in November 2016 and ended on June 30, 2019. 
Before moving to Charlottesville, Atkins was assistant superintendent of schools in Caroline County.
As of July 2017 her base salary is $202,000.
In 2011, Atkins was named Superintendent of the Year by the Virginia Association of School Superintendents. She was named a finalist for the American Association of School Superintendents Women in School Leadership Award for 2017. Atkins is president of the Urban Superintendents Association of America and previously served as president of the Virginia Association of School Superintendents.
- Web. Atkins to retire after 15 years at the helm of Charlottesville City Schools, Katherine Knott, Daily Progress, Lee Enterprises, March 12, 2021, retrieved March 12, 2021.
- Web. Dinwiddie administrator named Charlottesville schools chief, makes history with appointment. Dr. Royal Gurley Jr. is the first Black man and the first gay man to helm the city's 3,900-student school system. The School Board chairperson says members are 'united in our support' of him.', Bill Atkinson (he/him/his) is the regional daily news coach for the USA TODAY Network Southeast Region's Unified Central group, The Progress-Index, Petersburg, Virginia, September 2, 2021, retrieved August 28, 2022.
- Web. FY18 Revised Budget, Charlottesville City Schools, 2017, retrieved January 30, 2018.
- Web. [ Atkins Named One of Two Finalists for National Superintendent Award], Charlottesville City Schools, 2017, October 6, 2016, retrieved January 30, 2018.