A proffer is a voluntary contribution made by a developer intended to mitigate the impacts of a development on community infrastructure or other needs. Cash proffers are used to fund infrastructure needs like schools, roads, libraries, and public safety. Proffers are often received and reviewed by local governments with a rezoning request. But officials are not permitted by state law to ask for or direct specific proffers from the applicant in exchange for a rezoning approval.
Albemarle cash proffer expectations
In 2007, Albemarle County established cash proffer expectations for new residential development. These are one-time payments for each home of a certain type. The proffer rates are increased each year by an inflation factor. At the time of the change, the proffers increased from about $3,200 to $17,500 per single family detached home.
- Single family detached (SFD) homes = $19,753.68
- Single family attached or townhouse (SFA/TH) = $13,432.49
- Multi-Family apartments (MF) = $13,996.89
In 2008, the Albemarle County Board of Supervisors rezoned downtown Crozet, creating a Downtown District that allows by-right residential units above commercial storefronts. Some argued that this action is proof that the board recognizes cash proffers to be a disincentive for developers who might want to apply for rezoning on their own.
In July 2013, the Albemarle County Board of Supervisors promised to revisit their cash proffer policy in a thorough discussion. Also in July 2013, the Albemarle County Planning Commission recommended a revised cash proffer policy in the Albemarle County Comprehensive Plan that sets expectations at $17,500 per SFD, $11,900 per SFA/TH, and $12,400 per MF, to be adjusted to inflation every year. The proposed policy also says that where the rezoning is minimal, proffers will only be expected for units additional to those that could have been built by-right.
In November, the board agreed in principle to give credit for by-right potential. 
Charlottesville cash proffer expectations
- Web. Free Enterprise Forum seeks changes to cash proffer policy, Sean Tubbs, Charlottesville Tomorrow, 5 May 2013, retrieved 31 July 2013.
- Web. County to review cash proffers it expects for homes in new developments, Brian Wheeler, Charlottesville Tomorrow, 1 Oct 2009, retrieved 8 Jan 2013.
- E-mail. Wayne Cilimberg, Albemarle County. "RE: Quick question... current cash proffer expectations?." Message to Brian Wheeler, Charlottesville Tomorrow. 7 January 2013.
- Web. CY 2012 Maximum Per Unit Cash Proffer Amounts, Albemarle County, retrieved 10 Jan 2013.
- Web. Planning Commission approves pre-emptive zoning for downtown Crozet; Supervisors expected to follow suit, Sean Tubbs, Charlottesville Tomorrow, 11 June 2008, retrieved 31 July 2013.
- Web. Development on East Rio Road deferred in debate over proffers, Claudia Elzey, Charlottesville Tomorrow, 11 July 2013, retrieved 31 July 2013.
- Web. Appendix A1.1: Cash Proffer Policy, County of Albemarle, 23 July 2013, retrieved 31 July 2013.
- Web. Albemarle makes slight modification to proffer policy; big changes postponed, Charlottesville Tomorrow, November 12, 2013, retrieved November 12, 2013.