|This topic is well-covered by the wikipedia article Monticello|
After Jefferson died in 1826, the house was sold in order to pay back debts acquired in Jefferson's lifetime. It was purchased by Commodore Uriah P. Levy in 1836. After Levy bought the mansion, it remained in the family until 1923 with the exception of its confiscation by the Confederate government during the Civil War. Public desire for the government to buy Monticello started as early as 1910, although Jefferson Levy said that he would never sell the mansion. However, after World War 1, Levy faced financial struggles which forced him to sell the house.
The National Monticello Association announced on March 1, 1923, that it would purchase the estate from Jefferson Levy for a sum of $500,000. Plans were announced in February 1925 to restore the home to the way it was in Jefferson's day.
Connection to public water and sewer
The Albemarle County Board of Supervisors approved a plan in the mid-2010's determine to extend public sewer services to Monticello, its visitor center, and other buildings. The foundation also wants to extend water lines to fuel storage tanks in order to provide more protection from fire.
Slavery at Monticello
Monticello was built largely by enslaved persons. Over 50 enslaved persons at a time worked on the mountain and tended to the upkeep of the building. However, most of the slave dwellings in Monticello, in an area called Mulberry Row, are no longer standing. Only the working areas within Monticello itself, such as the storerooms and the kitchen, are still standing.
Because none of the structures in Mulberry Row still stood, slavery at Monticello was not well understood until the late 20th century. Research into slavery at Monticello started in the 1970s. In 1979, this research expanded when Mulberry Row was excavated. Findings from Mulberry Row has given a number of insights into the life of slaves at Monticello. Differing structures show that the quality of housing varied for different slaves. Artifacts also include pottery, glass, coins, animal bones, and some jewelry.
In 2016, the Thomas Jefferson Foundation hired Gayle Jessup White and Niya Bates to help improve the way in which the story of slavery at the plantation is told. White was hired as a community outreach officer and Bates was hired as a public historian of slavery and African-American life.
Community History Series
Every Independence Day, a naturalization ceremony is held to welcome new American citizens. A notable speaker is selected each year.
- 1936 ‐ President Franklin Delano Roosevelt
- 1947 ‐ President Harry S. Truman
- 1976 ‐ President Gerald R. Ford
- 2008 – President George W. Bush 
Governors of Virginia
- 1971 ‐ Governor Mills E. Godwin Jr.
- 1976 ‐ Justice Albertis S. Harrison Jr.
- 1978 ‐ Governor John N. Dalton
- 1982 ‐ Governor Charles S. Robb
- 1987 ‐ Governor Gerald L. Baliles
- 1990 ‐ Governor L. Douglas Wilder
- 1999 ‐ Governor James S. Gilmore III
- 2015 ‐ Governor Terence R. McAuliffe
|1963||Sir Robert Menzies, Prime Minister of Australia|
|1964||Henry J. Taylor, former U.S. Ambassador to Switzerland|
|1965||Hervé Alphand, Ambassador of France to the United States|
|1966||Torben Rønne, Ambassador of Denmark to the United State|
|1967||Henry H. Fowler, Secretary of the Treasury|
|1968||Eugene V. Rostow, Undersecretary for Political Affairs, Department of State|
|1969||U. Alexis Johnson, Undersecretary for Political Affairs, Department of State|
|1970||J. Sergeant Reynolds, Lieutenant Governor of Virginia|
|1971||Mills E. Godwin, Jr., former Governor of Virginia|
|1972||Harry F. Byrd, U.S. Senator from Virginia|
|1973||Albertis S. Harrison, Jr., Justice, Virginia Supreme Court, and former Governor of Virginia|
|1974||Louis B. Wright, Director Emeritus, Folger Shakespeare Library|
|1975||Dumas Malone, Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation Professor of History, Emeritus, University of Virginia|
|1976||Gerald R. Ford, President of the United States|
|1977||Caryl Parker Haskins, Trustee, Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation|
|1978||John N. Dalton, Governor of Virginia|
|1979||Clifton Waller Barrett, Trustee, Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation|
|1980||Charles F. Baldwin, Ambassador in Residence, Univ. of Virginia|
|1981||Merrill D. Peterson, Thomas Jefferson Memorial Foundation Professor of History, Univ. of Virginia|
|1982||Charles S. Robb, Governor of Virginia|
|1983||J. Kenneth Robinson, U.S. Representative, 7th Congressional District of Virginia|
|1984||John O. Marsh, Jr., Secretary of the Army|
|1985||John W. Warner, U.S. Senator from Virginia|
|1986||Kenneth W. Thompson, Director, White Burkett Miller Center for Public Affairs at the Univ. of Virginia|
|1987||Gerald L. Baliles, Governor of Virginia|
|1988||John Charles Thomas, Justice, Supreme Court of Virginia|
|1989||Henry J. Abraham, James Hart Professor of Government and Foreign Affairs, Univ. of Virginia|
|1990||L. Douglas Wilder, Governor of Virginia|
|1991||Jacques Andreani, Ambassador of France to the United States|
|1992||Carl Sagan, David Duncan Professor of Astronomy and Space Sciences, Cornell University|
|1993||John T. Casteen III, President, Univ. of Virginia|
|1994||David McCullough, biographer and historian|
|1995||Roberto C. Goizueta, Chairman and Chief Operating Officer, The Coca-Cola Company|
|1996||Richard Moe, President, National Trust for Historic Preservation|
|1997||General Colin L. Powell, former Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Department of Defense|
|1998||Andrew Young, former U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations|
|1999||James S. Gilmore III, Governor of Virginia|
|2000||Madeleine K. Albright, Secretary of State|
|2001||Vartan Gregorian, President, Carnegie Corporation of New York|
|2002||Frank McCourt, author|
|2003||Allen H. Neuharth, founder of USA Today and The Freedom Forum|
|2004||W. Richard West, Jr., founding director of Smithsonian's National Museum of the American Indian|
|2005||I.M. Pei, architect|
|2006||Christo and Jeanne-Claude, artists|
|2007||Sam Waterston, actor|
|2008||George W. Bush, President of the United States|
|2009||Tom Perriello, U.S. Representative, 5th Congressional District of Virginia|
|2010||Tracey Ullman, actress and comedienne|
|2011||Muhtar Kent, Chairman and Chief Executive Officer The Coca-Cola Company|
|2012||Nadia Comaneci, five-time Olympic gold medalist|
|2013||Dave Matthews, musician|
|2014||David M. Rubenstein, co-Founder and co-CEO of The Carlyle Group|
|2015||Terence R. McAuliffe, Governor of Virginia|
|2016||Larry J. Sabato, founder and director of the University of Virginia Center for Politics|
|2017||David N. Saperstein, former U.S. ambassador-at-large for international religious freedom and prominent Reform rabbi|
|2018||Andrew H. Tisch, Co-Chairman of the Board and Chairman of the Executive Committee Loews Corporation, and co-author of Journeys: An American Story|
|2019||Khizr Khan, constitutional rights and national unity advocate and Gold Star parent|
|2020||José Andrés, chef and humanitarian|
- Web. Monticello to reopen Saturday with new health protocols, guest experience, CJ Paschall, News Article, WVIR NBC29, June 11, 2020, retrieved June 13, 2020.
- Heblich, F., Jr., & Walters, C. C. (1978). Holsinger's Charlottesville- Selected Photographs From the Collection of Rufus W. Holsinger. Charlottesvle, Virginia: Maiden Lane Press.
- Web. Association Will Buy Monticello, Daily Progress Staff, Daily Progress, March 2, 1923, retrieved January 15, 2013.
- Web. Monticello Soon Will Be Restored As Originally, Staff Reports, Daily Progress Digitized Microfilm, Lindsay family, February 5, 1925, retrieved May 18, 2016 from University of Virginia Library. Print. January 23, 1925 page 1.
- Web. County poised to O.K. public sewer, water expansion at Monticello, Graelyn Brashear, C-VILLE Weekly, Portico Publications, November 13, 2013, retrieved November 18, 2013. Print. November 13, 2013 .
- Loth, C. (Ed.). (1995). Virginia Landmarks of Black History. Charlottsville, Virginia: Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia.
- Web. New hires look to better tell story of African-American life at Monticello, Michael Bragg, Daily Progress, Lee Enterprises, July 17, 2016, retrieved July 25, 2016.
- Web. 2008 Naturalization Ceremony at Monticello, Deepak Singh, Podcast, Charlottesville Podcasting Network, July 4, 2008, retrieved March 27, 2021.