J. A. Jackson

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J. A. Jackson, DDS
J. A. Jackson, DDS.JPG
John A. Jackson, ca. 1921 (aged 33)

Charlottesville City School Board

Biographical Information

Date of birth John Andrew Jackson
June 22, 1888
Bronx County, New York
Date of death April 30, 1956 (aged 67)
Charlottesville, Virginia
Spouse Otelia Love Jackson (m. 1915)
Children John A. Jackson, Jr.
George Jackson
Ellard Norwood Jackson
Alden Jackson
Elwood Jackson
Love J. Wright
Catherine Love Jackson
Cloria J. Washington
Residence 115 Fourth Street NW (1921)
125 Fourth Street NW
Charlottesville, Virginia
Alma mater Howard University (1913)
Washington, D. C.
Profession Dentist
Finance executive
Religion Baptist Church

John Andrew Jackson (June 22, 1888 – April 30, 1956) was a Charlottesville dentist and finance executive. On June 20, 1949, James M. Barr III, independent Republican member of Council, nominated Jackson to be the first African American member of the Charlottesville School Board.

1908 $5 Indian Head Gold

Beginning in the late 1920's, Dr. Jackson and Dr. B. A. Coles, both members of the Omega Fraternity, presented to the graduate of Jefferson High, who has maintained the highest average in English, a prize consisting of a five dollar gold piece. In 1934, through these two gentlemen, the members of the Old Dominion Dental Society offered a five dollar prize, apart from the annual award to the graduating class, to the pupil in any grade who wrote the best paper by Dr. Fred Moton, State Clinician.[1]

Omega Psi Phi Fraternity was the first black fraternity founded on a black campus.  Omega Psi Phi Fraternity was founded on November 17, 1911, at Howard University in Washington, D.C. The founders were three Howard University undergraduates, -- Edgar Amos Love, Oscar James Cooper, and Frank Coleman. Joining them was their faculty adviser, Dr. Ernest Everett Just.
Love earned his Bachelor of Arts degree from Howard University in 1913.
Note: As of March 2023, USA Coin Book estimated value of 1909 Indian Head Gold $5 Half Eagle is worth $738 in average condition.

Dr. Jackson maintained a dental office in his home in the city at 115 4th NW and also kept a dental office in Lynchburg, where he spent three days each week. At the age of about 24, he entered Howard University at Washington, D. C., for the dental course, graduating in 1913 with a degree of D.D.S. The greater part of the money required for his University course was earned during his vacations by working in Huyler’s Confectionery Store at Asbury Park, N. J. Immediately after his graduation he located to Charlottesville for the practice of his profession.

Huyler's was a candy and restaurant chain in the New York City metropolitan area that operated from 1874 to 1964, and for a time was the largest and most prominent chocolate maker in the United States. While the main store was located at 863 Broadway, with a reputation for freshness and purity, by 1885 Huyler’s candies were sold in fashionable Newport, Rhode Island, and the resort communities of Saratoga, New York and Long Branch, New Jersey.

Not active in politics, Dr. Jackson "adhered to the Republican Party". He was a member of the Baptist Church and the Masonic order. Jackson was on the Board of Directors for the Commercial Bank and Trust Co., Richmond, Virginia.

One of the few banks owned by African Americans, in 1931 Commercial Bank and Trust merged with Consolidated Bank merged. On January 2, 1930, Second Street Bank and the larger Saint Luke Bank and Trust Company merged to become Consolidated Bank and Trust Company, with assets of more than $500,000. Maggie Lena Mitchell Walker, president of the Saint Luke bank, was named chairman of the board of the new bank, Emmett Carroll Burke became president, and Walter S. Banks became secretary-treasurer. In 1931 Consolidated Bank merged with Commercial Bank and Trust.

On December 15, 1934, Maggie Lena Walker dies. She was a successful African American business woman and the first woman in the nation to establish and head a bank. She incorporated the St. Luke Penny Savings Bank in Richmond in 1903 and served as its president until 1931, when the bank merged with other black banks to form the Consolidated Bank and Trust Company. Thousands of people turned out for her funeral in Richmond.


I only wish that more people were visibly interested in the advancement of the younger generation. It is easy enough to say "I love young people and am interested in them", but when it is a question of what have you done?, you must remain silent, unless you remember your criticisms of youths running wild, without offering any substitute.[1]


Students noted that his outer office was always available for groups who wish to study. He was active in organizing and gain recognition for the local Boy Scouts, who use his farm in Union Ridge for a regular meeting place; participated in organizing the prizes offered jointly with Dr. B. A. Coles; in the midst of his plans for the Old Dominion Dental Society, he made a place for the young people.[1]

Richmond Times-Dispatch obituary, May 1, 1956

Family and death

Born in Bronx County, New York, on June 22, 1888, his parents were Andrew W. and Katherine B. (Washington) Jackson. His father was a farmer in Virginia and was the son of Samuel and Mary Jackson.

On December 23, 1915, he married Otelia Love (January 18, 1889 – April 7, 1966) daughter of Rev. J.P.E. & Malinda Love of Waynesville, N. C. She was educated in Johnson City, Tenn., and was a teacher at the time of her marriage. In 1921, they had three children, John A., Jr., Ellard N., and Catherine Love Jackson.

Dr. Jackson died at his farm, near Charlottesville, on Monday, April 30, 1956 (aged 67). Funeral services were held at First Baptist Church. Interment in Oakwood Cemetery.

After receiving a D.D.S. degree from Howard University in 1914, Dr. Jackson began a successful dental practice in this house where he and his wife Otelia Love raised seven children. Two of their sons, Ellard “Punjab” and George Franklin, became prominent dentists in Charlottesville and Lynchburg. Mrs. Jackson was grand secretary of the Order of Eastern Star of Virginia for thirty years. As president of the Charlottesville Crusade for Voters, an organization she helped organize in 1959, she was responsible for the registration of many Black voters. The Jacksons provided a recreation site for African American children at their country property in Union Ridge.[2]

Charlottesville City School Board

In 1949, in a move to "give Charlottesville its first Negro school board member," James M. Barr III, independent Republican member of Council, nominated Jackson. On June 20, 1949, a move to give Charlottesville its first Negro school board member was defeated by City Council by a four-to-one ballot. According to the Daily Progress, "James M. Barr III, independent Republican member of Council, elected in an upset vote last June, place the name of Dr. J. A. Jackson, Negro dentist, in nomination for a three-year term on the seven-man school board from the city at large." The city lawmakers went on to name Dr. Charles Frankel and Homer W. Walsh to new terms on the school body.[3]

Note: Prior to 2006, Charlottesville City School Board members were elected by the City Council.

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  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Web. Issue Number:37, p. 04, c. 1, Old Dominion Dental Society, Date: 04/21/1934, retrieved April 2, 2023.
  2. Web. [1]
  3. Web. Move To Place Negro Member On Body Defeated In Balloting, Daily Progress, Daily Progress, Lee Enterprises, Tuesday June 21, 1949, retrieved March 27, 2023.

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