1918

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← 1917 Janus.jpg This article is a date about important or significant events that happened (or will happen) in the year 1918 1919 →


1918 is famous for the end of the First World War, women's suffrage in the United States and the Spanish Influenza pandemic. Estimates suggest that the world population in 1918 was 1.8 billion.

World events

Woodrow Wilson was President (1913-1921); the previous year (1917), the United States entered World War I - joining the British, French, and other Allies against German and Central Powers.

Ongoing events

Events

  • April 22 – The State-sponsored tuberculosis sanatorium, Piedmont Sanatorium, opened in Burkeville (southeast of Farmville) for Negro consumptives.[1]
  • September 2 – City Council: First meeting of the two branches of the city government held this evening. The council organized by the election of the officers; Councilman Dr. W. M. Forrest was elected President of the Common Council. [2] This new form of city government consisted of an Upper House (four Alderman - one elected from each of the four wards), Lower House (eight Councilmen - two elected from each of the four wards) and a citywide elected Mayor.
  • October 3 – This afternoon, at the meeting of the Board of Health of the city, in view of the spread of influenza, it was decided to stop all large public gatherings until the disease was abated.[3]
  • October 3 – The Daily Progress reported on this Thursday that Mayor E. G. Haden ordered "all schools, public and private, churches, theaters, and all other places where there were public congregations closed until Monday, October 14th, 1918." [4]. This order was extended week after week, along with additional closures and restrictions, until November 4.
  • October 8 – The Daily Progress reported that the mayor also ordered pool halls closed in response to the influenza.
  • October 10 – This afternoon, at a meeting of the Board of Health, it was decided to continue the closing orders, previously given on October 3, relative to the spread of Influenza, until October 21st. The Mayor, E. G. Haden, “ordered the Chief of Police to see that these orders were observed and that no congregation of people be allowed in the city.”[5]

Deaths

  • September 13 – Tuberculosis: “Clyde Bessie Handsbury, the 22-year-old daughter of Joseph Handsbury…One week ago another daughter of the household, Sadie Edna, aged 16, died of the same cause, tuberculosis. The funeral will be held from the First Baptist Church (colored)...” [8]
On this day, the U.S. Army launched one of the largest offensives in American Military history, the Meuse-Argonne Campaign of the First World War. More than one point two million soldiers of the American Expeditionary Forces engaged in this critical battle that lasted until Armstice Day. Over twenty six thousand Americans lost their lives, and nearly one hundred thousand were wounded. Of the Americans who fell during the campaign fourteen thousand two hundred forty six were laid to rest at the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery in eastern France.[10] Second Lieutenant George McIntire Baker is among the military dead.
  • November 11 – End of World War I - Armistice of 11 November 1918 – Germany signs an armistice agreement with the Allies. It becomes official on the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month.

Influenza cases

See main article: 1918 flu pandemic in Charlottesville-Albemarle

The Spanish flu (also known as the 1918 flu pandemic) started in January 1918 and infected 500 million people - about a quarter of the world's population at the time. While peak mortality was reached in 1918, the pandemic did not end until two years later in late 1920. In Albemarle-Charlottesville, from 1918 to 1919, an estimated 5,000 people caught the flu and at least 227 of them (4.3 percent) died, out of a total population of almost 36,000. The flu predominantly killed people between the ages of 20 to 40 - those born between 1878 and 1898.

References

  1. Web. The Great White Plague: The Culture of Death and the Tuberculosis Sanatorium, Richard Sucre, Daily Progress, World Media Enterprises, retrieved June 1, 2019.
  2. Web. Dr. W. M. Forrest President of Council, Daily Progress, World Media Enterprises, Sept 3, 1918, retrieved June 8, 2019.
  3. Web. Public Gatherings are Discontinued, Daily Progress, World Media Enterprises, October 3, 1918, retrieved March 3, 2020.
  4. Web. Public Gatherings are Discontinued, Daily Progress, World Media Enterprises, October 3, 1918, retrieved March 3, 2020.
  5. Web. CLOSE UP ANOTHER WEEK, Daily Progress, World Media Enterprises, October 10, 1918, retrieved March 13, 2020.
  6. Web. COUNCIL MEETS TONIGHT, Daily Progress, World Media Enterprises, October 10, 1918, retrieved March 13, 2020.
  7. Web. VOTES TO RAISE PRICE OF GAS, Daily Progress, World Media Enterprises, October 11, 1918, retrieved March 13, 2020.
  8. Web. 2 DIE IN ONE WEEK FROM TUBERCULOSIS, Daily Progress, Sept 13, 1918, retrieved June 1, 2019.
  9. https://archive.org/details/historyofseventy0079th/page/146
  10. https://www.abmc.gov/multimedia/videos/day-history-september-26-1918-meuse-argonne-campaign-begins This Day in History, September 26, 1918: The Meuse-Argonne Campaign Begins American Battle Monuments Commission (ABMC)