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The population of the City of Charlottesville in 1900, according to that year's census, was 6,449. (2,613 being negroes ) According to the same census, the population of Albemarle County in 1900 was 28,473.
- Context: In 1900, the average U.S. newborn could expect to live to 47.3 years of age. In 2010, they could expect more than 30 additional years of life, with a life expectancy at birth of 78.7 years.
- January 11, 1900 – James E. Gleason was elected councilman from the Third Ward to fill out the unexpired term of W. A. Melhorn.
- March 3 – Enacted by the General Assembly of Virginia, a new charter for the city of Charlottesville came into force.
- March 8 – At the March meeting of the City Council, the charter, as adopted by the Council for submission to the Legislature, was ordered to be read as a part of the record of the meeting of February 15th. Dr. H. T. Nelson reported that there was now forty feet of water in the reservoir.
- April 12 – At the April meeting of the City Council, the resignation of Mr. John L. Cochran, Jr., as a member of the Council from the Fourth Ward, was read and accepted.
- April 29 – At about' 11 o'clock this Saturday, the wine cellar of the Hotopp Wine Company and its contents were destroyed by fire which, "it is almost certain was of incendiary origin. This is the third fire in six months from which the Hotopp's have suffered."
- May 24 – 1900 election: The state referendum to hold a convention took place. City of Charlottesville voters elected municipal officers; in the county the vote was on the state referendum to call a constitutional convention, there being no officers seeking election. Albemarle County, which includes Charlottesville, voted along with the majority of Virginia voters to approve a proposed Constitutional Convention.  The 1900 election
- August 9 – At the August meeting of the City Council, Dr. R. W. Nelson reported the following: The sanitary conditions of the city is bad and needs prompt attention. Filth has accumulated on private lots, and many open privies are in daily use to the extreme annoyance of those living near, and endanger health. We have some typhoid fever in our city and without a doubt it is the result of carelessness on the part of someone…there are numerous places where residents and owners of the property have been ordered to connect with the sewers, but have not done so.
- October 11 – At the October meeting of the City Council, Mr. Eldridge Turner tendered his resignation as member of the Council from the First Ward as he had moved out of the First Ward. The resignation was accepted after some discussion as to exactly when he ceased to be a member of the Council. Later, Mr. Turner was elected a member of the Third Ward where he now resides.
- November 8 – At the November meeting of the City Council, Mr. J. Edwin Wood was unanimously elected as a member of the Council to fill the vacancy in the “Little First Ward,” caused by the resignation of Mr. Eldridge Turner.
- November 6 – United States presidential election. The Democratic candidate, and former U.S. Representative, William J. Bryan carried the city (66.15%, 731 votes) and the county (67.72%, 2,411 votes) over the Republican candidate, incumbent President William McKinley.
- August 16 – Hutchins Franklin Inge (d. March 28, 2002) an American physician and Democratic Party politician. He was the first African American to serve in the New Jersey Senate. Born in Charlottesville to George and Kate Ferguson Inge.
- August 11 – University of Virginia professor Charles Scott Venable (b. March 19, 1827), a mathematician, astronomer, and civil war military officer.
- ↑ Web. 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica/Charlottesville, staff, Encyclopædia Britannica, 1911, retrieved July 28, 2019.
- ↑ https://demography.cpc.unc.edu/2014/06/16/mortality-and-cause-of-death-1900-v-2010/, Mortality and Cause of Death, 1900 v. 2010, Posted on June 16, 2014 by Rebecca Tippett, Carolina Population Center at UNC-Chapel Hill
- ↑ https://search.lib.virginia.edu/catalog/uva-lib:2077542/view#openLayer/uva-lib:2077543/2216.5/1625.5/3/1/0