- June 1 – The 1860 federal census started and and lasting five months. It contained the last official count of enslaved African Americans in the United States. Albemarle, with Charlottesville as its county seat, had a population of roughly 14,000 slaves and 12,000 whites.
- September 6 – Monticello Bank issued U.S. $50 (fifty dollar) bank notes.
- November 6 – The 1860 United States presidential election in Virginia took place.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics consumer price index, prices in 2019 are 2,926.90% higher than prices in 1860. The dollar experienced an average inflation rate of 2.17% per year during this period. In other words, $50 in 1860 is equivalent in purchasing power to $1,513.45 in 2019, a difference of $1,463.45 over 159 years. 
1860 Presidential Election Returns
|Ward||Pct||A. Lincoln (Republican)||J. Bell (Union)||J. Breckinridge (Democrat)||S. Douglas (Democrat)||Total Votes Cast|
|-||Albemarle County (included Town of Charlottesville)||0||1,317||1,056||97|
Source: Richmond Daily Enquirer, 24 December 1860