- February 26 – A POLL was held in the Court House of the County of Albemarle, on this fourth Saturday in February, to elect a Mayor and Four Aldermen, of the Corporation of Charlottesville.
- October 23 – radical abolitionist John Brown went on trial for his failed raid at Harpers Ferry. When Brown had been condemned to death for leading the raid, the Monticello Guard was ordered to Charles Town, VA and was there until after his execution. Capt. Wertenbaker had charge of that part of the cordon of sentries around the town immediately in front of the gallows. Brown was hanged on December 2, 1859.
- ↑ Web. ELECTION OF MAYOR AND ALDERMEN, Jeffersonian Republican, 10 February 1859