- August 3 to September 1 – Aaron Burr Treason Trial of 1807. Arron Burr was brought to trial on a charge of "treason" before the United States Circuit court at Richmond. George Hay, William Wirt, and Gordon MacRae formed the team of prosecutors for the government at trial. Charge against Burr, former vice-president serving during President Thomas Jefferson's first term, was "Treason" against the United States within the meaning of Article Ill, Section 3 of the U.S. Constitution; Given that Jefferson was using his influence as president in an effort to obtain a conviction, the trial was a major test of the Constitution and the concept of separation of powers. Verdict: Not guilty.
- February 6 – John Harvie, born in Albemarle County in 1742, member of the Continental Congress and mayor of Richmond, Virginia from 1785 to 1786. As a boy, Harvie was a close friend of Thomas Jefferson, and his father became Jefferson's legal guardian after his cousin Peter Jefferson died in 1757.