1745

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Events

  • January 1 - The act establishing the county of Albemarle (passed by the Legislature in September 1744) ordained its existence to begin from the first of January 1745, and the reason alleged for its formation was the "divers inconveniences attending the upper inhabitants of Goochland by reason of their great distance from the courthouse, and other places usually appointed for public meetings.”[1] Albemarle County was created by separating the northern portion of Goochland County. (Parts of Louisa County were added to Albemarle County in 1761 and 1838.)
  • February 25 - The organization of Albemarle County took place the fourth Thursday of February, 1745, doubtless on the plantation of Mrs. Scott, near the present Scottsville, where the next court was directed to be held. The commission of the first magistrates was dated the second of the preceding January. Those present were Joshua Fry, Peter Jefferson, Allen Howard, William Cabell, Joseph Thompson and Thomas Ballou. Howard and Cabell administered the oaths to Fry and Jefferson, and they in turn to the others.
  • April 8 - The Albemarle County Court made a number of court orders. John Henderson was summoned to appear at the next court to explain why a road was cleared through his land from the Three Notched Road to Hardway River. James Defoe was appointed surveyor of the highway from Number 12 to Number 18, with the male tithables who formerly belonged to that road being ordered to assist him in clearing the road. John Woody was appointed surveyor of the highway from Number 18 to the county line on the Three Notched Road, with the male tithables who formerly belonged to that road being ordered to assist him in clearing the road. Charles Lynch was appointed surveyor of the highway from the late secretary's ford to Number 12 as well as the road of Lynch's Ferry, with the male tithables who formerly worked under Lynch being ordered to clear both roads. John McCord was appointed surveyor of the highway from D.S. to W.M., with the male tithables who formerly belonged to that road being order to assist him in clearing the road. William Morrison was appointed surveyor of the highway from the upper end of McCord's Road to Thomas Morrison's, with the male tithables who formerly belonged to that road being ordered to assist him in clearing the road.
  • May 6 - The Albemarle County Court made a number of court orders. Permission was granted to Benjamin Wheeler and the signers of his petition to begin clearing a road from the Four Chopt Road to Wood's Gap. James Taylor was appointed surveyor of the highway, with the same men who worked under John Thrasher being ordered to assist him in clearing the road. Permission was granted to David Lewis and the signers of his petition to begin clearing a road over Lynch's Ford. The settlement of a new courthouse next to the river was deferred until the next court.
  • June 3 - The Albemarle County Court granted permission to Robert Rose Clark to clear a road from his plantations on Tye River to Leak's Plantation. Permission was also granted to John Harvey to clear a road from the mouth of the Tye River to the branches of Harris' Creek.
  • July 8 - The Albemarle County Court made a number of court orders. The surveyors formerly appointed for the clearing of several highways within the county were ordered to continue their work. Andrew Wallace was appointed surveyor of the highway from D.S. to Mitcham's River, with several local gentlemen being ordered to assist him in clearing the road. William Cabell was appointed surveyor of the highway from the ford of Tye River to the courthouse, with several local male tithables being ordered to assist him in clearing the road. John Anthony was appointed surveyor of the highway from the courthouse to Martin King's Road, with several local male tithables being ordered to assist him in clearing the road. A road was ordered to be cleared from the intersection of Martin King's Road and Three Notched Road to the county line towards Louisa Courthouse. Thomas Bellew was appointed surveyor of the highway from the courthouse to the road formerly cleared by Allen Howard, with several local male tithables being ordered to assist Bellew in clearing the road. John Cannon was appointed surveyor of the highway from the intersection of Bellew's Road and Slate River to Glover's Road, with several local male tithables being ordered to assist him in clearing the road. Allen Howard was appointed surveyor of the highway on the south side of the river from the courthouse to Sycomer Island Creek, with several local male tithables being ordered to assist him in clearing the road. Thomas Bellew and Richard Taylor were ordered to mark out a road from the courthouse to Meriday Manning's Ford on the Slate River, with William Allen being ordered to carry on the road to Horn Quarter. Thomas Joplin was appointed surveyor of the highway from the Rockfish River to the Hardware River in place of John Johns, with several local male tithables being ordered to assist him in clearing the road. John Key was appointed surveyor of the highway from his mill to the late secretary's ford, with several local male tithables being ordered to assist him in clearing the road. Thomas Jones was appointed surveyor of the highway from the Fork of Road to Rockfish Ford as well as Swan's Creek, with several local male tithables being ordered to assist him in clearing the road. John Fenley was appointed surveyor of an unspecified highway, with several local male tithables being ordered to assist him in clearing the road. The surveyors of the highways within the county were ordered to set up posts with directions at the several forks of roads within their respective districts, with the directions being required to be set up at least ten feet off the ground.
  • August 5 - The Albemarle County Court granted permission to Daniel Scott to keep a ferry from the courthouse landing to the opposite side. Scott was also given permission to keep an ordinary at the courthouse to give bond and security as the law required. Scott and Edmond Gray entered into a bond in the sum of ten thousand pounds of tobacco on the condition that Scott would constantly provide his goods as well as clean lodging, food for travelers, and stables for their horses over the course of one year. Permission was granted to the inhabitants of the upper part of Mitcham's River to clear a road from Rockfish Gap to D.S. Road. The inhabitants above the Red Mountains were ordered to clear a road from Robert Davis' Ford to Howard Cash's place. The inhabitants above Mitcham's River who were not already otherwise occupied were ordered to clear a road from Mitcham's River to Michael Wood's Gap on the Blue Mountains. Permission was granted to the inhabitants in the fork of the James River to clear a road from the courthouse to Shepherd's Ford and from there to Doctor Hopkin's Road. Lazarus Dameron, George Hilton, and Benjamin Woodson were ordered to be overseers of the aforementioned road.
  • September 2 - The Albemarle County Court granted permission to Charles Lynch to keep a ferry from his land on the Rivanna River to the opposite side, with Lynch being responsible for giving bond and security as required by the law. Lynch and William Cabell entered into bond on the condition that Lynch would keep a ferry as required by the law. Permission was granted to Joseph Kinkead and Andrew Wood to open a road from Kinkead's house to David Stockton's Mill.
  • September 3 - The Albemarle County Court appointed William Woods surveyor of the road from the ford on Mitcham's River to Michael Wood's Gap on the Blue Mountains, with the inhabitants above Mitcham's River who were not already otherwise occupied being ordered to assist Woods in clearing the road. On the motion of Charles Lynch, Matthew Graves was appointed surveyor of the road from the secretary's ford to Twelve Mile Tree, with Lynch's crew being ordered to assist Graves in clearing the road.
  • October 7 - The Albemarle County Court appointed William Allen surveyor of the road from Meriday Manning's to Horn Quarter, and that all available hands assist Allen in clearing the road. John Graves was appointed overseer of the road from the mouth of the Tye River to the branches of Harris' Creek, with all male tithables between the Buffalo River and the Fluvanna (excluding Charles Lavinder) being ordered to assist Graves in clearing the roads. George Hilton was appointed overseer of the road from the courthouse to Shepherd's Ford and from there to Doctor Hopkin's Road. Permission was granted to Joseph Thomson to clear a road from his house to Doctor Hopkin's Road. Moses Higginbottom was appointed overseer of a road from his mill to Harvey's Road, with all males tithables between the Buffalo River and the secretary's mountains being ordered to clear the road. John Key was ordered to continue the road from his mill to the secretary's ford,
  • October 8 - John Anthony and his helpers were ordered by the Albemarle County Court to continue to maintain the road he had formerly been appointed to clear.
  • December 9 - Permission was granted to William Harris by the Albemarle County Court to clear a road from his plantation on Green Creek to the James River on the lower side of Barrenger's Creek.
  • December 10 - The Albemarle County Court ordered that the path from D.S. Road to to Charles Lynch's Ferry be a public road, with the aid formerly assigned to work under Captain Lewis being ordered to clear the road. John Anthony and the aid formerly assigned to work under him and Lazarus Dameron were ordered to assist in clearing the road from the courthouse to Shepherd's Ford on the Hardware River.[2]
  • The courthouse for the new County of Albemarle was established at a site that would latter became known as Scott's Landing. This site was to west of the present day Town of Scottsville. The house of Edward Scott was used as a temporary court House until one could be built. This site was used as the county seat until 1762 when a new courthouse was erected in the new Town of Charlottesville. Gradually all evidence of this early community faded from site and history. [3].

Births

Deaths

References

  1. Web. [1]
  2. Web. [file:///Users/wilsonelder/Downloads/dot_18712_DS1%20(2).pdf Albemarle County Road Orders 1744-1748], Virginia Highway & Transportation Research Council, June 1975
  3. Web. Town of Scottsville Comprehensive Plan, Town of Scottsville, June 18, 2008, retrieved December 28, 2010.

External links