Difference between revisions of "Albemarle County"

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[[Image:Albemarle+County.jpg|right]]'''Albemarle County''' is located in Central Virginia. The county seat is in [[Charlottesville]], though the two jurisdictions are separate. A portion of the [[University of Virginia]]'s Central Grounds is also located within Albemarle County.  
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[[Image:Albemarle+County.jpg|right]]'''Albemarle County''' is located in Central Virginia. The county seat is in [[Charlottesville]], though the two jurisdictions are separate under Virginia law. A portion of the [[University of Virginia]]'s Central Grounds is also located within Albemarle County.  
  
 
==History==
 
==History==
Albemarle County was formed in 1744 and is the location of the residence of [[amoebaweight]] boxing champion of the world, [[Johnny Amoeba]]. The county is named after [[Willem van Keppel]], the second Earl of Albemarle. He was a British diplomat who served at one point as Governor of the Virginia colony. The current borders were established in 1744<ref>Rainville, Lynn. "LoCoHistory » Blog Archive » The Earl and the Queen." LoCoHistory. 3 Feb. 2007. Web. 21 July 2010. <http://www.locohistory.org/blog/albemarle/2007/02/03/the-earl-and-the-queen/>.</ref>.
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The first patents for land in what would become Albemarle County were granted in 1727. Eight years late, settler [[Abraham Lewis]] secured 800 acres of land, including the area that would become UVA. [[Nicholas Meriwether II]] obtained 1,020 acres to the west of what would become Charlottesville in Southern Mountains. In 1737, [[William Taylor]] received patents for the land that would become the village of [[Charlottesville]].<ref>{{cite web|title=Charlottesville Urban Design and Affordable Housing|url=http://www2.iath.virginia.edu/schwartz/cville/cville.history.html|author=Kenneth A. Schwarz|work=|publisher=Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities|location=|publishdate=|accessdate=November 29, 2012}}</ref>
  
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The county itself was formed as a political entity in 1744 and is named after [[Willem van Keppel]], the second Earl of Albemarle. He was a British diplomat who served at one point as Governor of the Virginia colony.<ref>Rainville, Lynn. "LoCoHistory » Blog Archive » The Earl and the Queen." LoCoHistory. 3 Feb. 2007. Web. 21 July 2010. <http://www.locohistory.org/blog/albemarle/2007/02/03/the-earl-and-the-queen/>.</ref>
  
The original county seat was [[Scottsville]], but was moved to Charlottesville in 1761.
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In 1761 Albemarle County was split three ways, creating the new counties of [[Buckingham]] and [[Amherst]]. Latter [[Nelson County]] was split off from [[Amherst County]] and parts of [[Buckingham County]] was split off to help creat the counties of [[Campbell]] and [[Appomattox]]. In 1761 the western most portion of [[Louisa County]] was added to Albemarle. The current borders were established in 1777 when [[Fluvanna County]] was split off.  
  
==Population==
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The original county seat was located at [[Scott's Ferry]] which was west of the present day town of [[Scottsville]], but was moved to Charlottesville in 1762.
  
In 2009, the U.S. Census estimated [[Albemarle County population|Albemarle County's population]] at 94,908<ref>"Albemarle County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau." State and County QuickFacts. Web. 29 June 2010. <http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/51/51003.html>.</ref> people. That represents a 12.7% growth in population since January 1, 2000.
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Several county departments moved into new offices in [[Court Square]] in 1939. <ref>{{cite-progress-lindsay|title=New County Office Building|url=http://search.lib.virginia.edu/catalog/uva-lib:2760777/view#openLayer/uva-lib:2760781/2789.5/1258.5/3/1/0|author=Staff Reports|pageno=4|publishdate=July 14, 1939|printdate=July 14, 1939|accessdate=July 14, 2016 from University of Virginia Library}}</ref>
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==Population and demographics==
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The 2010 U.S. Census counted 98,970 people in Albemarle, making it the 10th largest county in Virginia. That represents a 17.6% increase from 2000.<ref>{{cite-progress|title=Analyzing area's growth will be key for future planning|url=http://www2.dailyprogress.com/news/2011/feb/05/analyzing-areas-growth-will-be-key-future-planning-ar-823178/|author=|pageno=|printdate=February 6, 2011|publishdate=February 5, 2011|accessdate=February 9, 2011|cturl=}}</ref> The population topped 100,000 for the first time in 2011.<ref>{{cite-progress|title=Albemarle population tops 100K for first time|url=http://www2.dailyprogress.com/news/2012/jan/30/albemarle-population-tops-100k-first-time-ar-1651431/|author=Daily Progress Staff Reports|pageno=|printdate=January 30, 2012|publishdate=January 30, 2012|accessdate=January 31, 2012|cturl=}}</ref>
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{{as of|2011|1|1|alt=Nearly}} 78% of the population is white, 9.6% is African-American, and 5.5 is  Hispanic.<ref name="econ-data">{{cite web|title=Albemarle County Demographic & Economic Data, 2010|url=http://www.albemarle.org/upload/images/forms_center/departments/community_development/forms/PC_Reports/COMP_PLAN_UPDATED2.pdf|author=Elaine Echols et. al. |work=|publisher=County of Albemarle|location=|publishdate=|accessdate=October 10, 2011}}</ref>
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According to the U.S. Census, the median age in the county is 38.2.<ref name="econ-data" />
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The median income in 2010 was $33,000, seven percent higher than the national average.<ref name="econ-data" />
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The [[Weldon Cooper Center]] estimated the population on July 1, 2016 was 105,715. <ref>{{cite web|title=Virginia Population Estimates|url=http://demographics.coopercenter.org/virginia-population-estimates/|author=|work=Website|publisher=Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service|location=|publishdate=January 30, 2017|accessdate=April 4, 2017}}</ref>
  
 
==Geography==
 
==Geography==
The county has a total area of 722.61 square miles<ref>"Albemarle County QuickFacts from the US Census Bureau." State and County QuickFacts. Web. 29 June 2010. <http://quickfacts.census.gov/qfd/states/51/51003.html>.</ref>. Much of it can be explored using the County's [http://gisweb.albemarle.org/ Geographic Information Service].
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The county has a total area of 725.9 square miles.<ref name="Land Area Estimates">"Albemarle County Comprehensive Plan Area as of December 2011." Community Development Department Albemarle County. PDF. 24 October 2013. <http://www.cvillepedia.org/mediawiki/images/Land_Area_Estimates_12-2011.pdf>.</ref> Much of it can be explored using the County's [http://gisweb.albemarle.org/ Geographic Information Service].
  
 
==Zoning and development==
 
==Zoning and development==
35 square miles (5%) of Albemarle County has been set aside as [[Designated Growth Areas]] while the remainder of the County lies in the [[Rural Area]]s. The County conducts planning efforts to channel growth into Development Areas in order to maintain the rural character of the County, facilitate economical service delivery and to promote neighborhood-style development as the preferred design.
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36.6 square miles (~5%) of Albemarle County has been set aside as [[Designated Growth Areas]] while the remainder of the County, totaling 687.9 square miles, lies in the [[Rural Area]]s.<ref name="Land Area Estimates" /> The County conducts planning efforts to channel growth into Development Areas in order to maintain the rural character of the County, facilitate economical service delivery and to promote neighborhood-style development as the preferred design.
  
Each of the County's designated growth areas is either master planner, or a master plan is pending. These are for [[Crozet Master Plan|Crozet]], [[Places29 Master Plan|the area surrounding U.S. 29]], the [[Pantops Master Plan]], and the [[Village of Rivanna Master Plan]]. Development of a [[Southern Urban Area Master Plan]], which will include the [[Biscuit Run]] development are expected to begin in 2010.
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Each of the County's designated growth areas is either master planned, or a master plan is pending. These are for [[Crozet Master Plan|Crozet]], [[Places29 Master Plan|the area surrounding U.S. 29]], the [[Pantops Master Plan]], and the [[Village of Rivanna Master Plan]].  
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Oversight of land use issues is performed by staff in the [[Albemarle County Department of Community Development|Department of Community Development]].
  
 
== County Government ==
 
== County Government ==
The County's legislative body is the [[Albemarle County Board of Supervisors]]. Various boards and commissions help provide guidance to the Board as well as to the County Staff.  A [[County Executive]] is hired by the Board of Supervisors to implement their policies, prepare and execute the [[Albemarle County Budget|budget]], and to direct day-to-day operations of the County government.
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The County's legislative body is the [[Albemarle County Board of Supervisors]]. Various boards and commissions help provide guidance to the Board as well as to the County Staff.  A [[County Executive]] is hired by the Board of Supervisors to implement their policies, prepare and execute the [[Albemarle County Budget|budget]], and to direct day-to-day operations of the County government. [[Jeffrey Richardson]] became executive on [[October 30]], 2017.  
  
 
All planning in the County is guided by the [[Albemarle County Comprehensive Plan|Comprehensive Plan]], which was adopted in 1980. Capital improvement projects are managed by the County's [[Office of Facilities Development]].
 
All planning in the County is guided by the [[Albemarle County Comprehensive Plan|Comprehensive Plan]], which was adopted in 1980. Capital improvement projects are managed by the County's [[Office of Facilities Development]].
  
The County is split into six Magisterial Districts: [[White Hall Magisterial District|White Hall]], [[Scottsville Magisterial District|Scottsville]], [[Samuel Miller Magisterial District|Samuel Miller]], [[Jack Jouett Magisterial District|Jack Jouett]], [[Rio Magisterial District|Rio]], and [[Rivanna Magisterial District|Rivanna]]. A full map is available [http://www.albemarle.org/upload/images/forms_center/departments/community_development/forms/county_maps/Magisterial_Districts_and_Voting_Precincts.pdf here].
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For electoral representation, the county is split into six [[Magisterial Districts]]: [[White Hall Magisterial District|White Hall]], [[Scottsville Magisterial District|Scottsville]], [[Samuel Miller Magisterial District|Samuel Miller]], [[Jack Jouett Magisterial District|Jack Jouett]], [[Rio Magisterial District|Rio]], and [[Rivanna Magisterial District|Rivanna]]. A full map is available [http://www.albemarle.org/upload/images/forms_center/departments/community_development/forms/county_maps/Magisterial_Districts_and_Voting_Precincts.pdf here].
  
 
County government is guided by the [http://www.albemarle.org/department.asp?department=ctyexec&relpage=4413 County's Strategic Plan] which sets benchmarks for key goals.  
 
County government is guided by the [http://www.albemarle.org/department.asp?department=ctyexec&relpage=4413 County's Strategic Plan] which sets benchmarks for key goals.  
  
Albemarle is also a member of the [[Thomas Jefferson Regional Planning Commission]].  
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Albemarle is also a member of the [[Thomas Jefferson Planning District Commission]].  
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In August 2010, the county was awarded a AAA bond rating by Standard & Poor's.<ref>Albemarle County. County Receives AAA Bond Rating From Standard & Poors. Albemarle County. Albemarle County, 19 Aug. 2010. Web. 20 Aug. 2010. <http://www.albemarle.org/navpages.asp?info=release&ID=11713>.</ref>
  
 
===Mission statement===
 
===Mission statement===
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=== Vision statement ===
 
=== Vision statement ===
 
"Albemarle County will feature walkable and self sufficient communities. The Countryside will be rural. The County's natural resources and natural beauty will be maintained. The County's educational system will be world class and the County's quality of life will be exceptional."
 
"Albemarle County will feature walkable and self sufficient communities. The Countryside will be rural. The County's natural resources and natural beauty will be maintained. The County's educational system will be world class and the County's quality of life will be exceptional."
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====Departments====
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*[[Albemarle County Department of Social Services]]
  
 
== Communities ==
 
== Communities ==
 
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[[Scottsville]] is an independent town located along the James River in the southern part of the County. As such, it has its own town council and police force.  
[[Scottsville]] is an independent town located along the James River in the southern part of the County. It has its own town council and police force.  
 
  
 
{{Main|List of Albemarle communities}}
 
{{Main|List of Albemarle communities}}
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== Infrastructure ==
 
== Infrastructure ==
 
 
The County's water supply is managed by the [[Rivanna Water and Sewer Authority]]. The County Executive serves as one of five voting members of the RWSA's Board of Directors. Albemarle County residents on public water pay their bills to the [[Albemarle County Service Authority]], which maintains the delivery to its customers.  
 
The County's water supply is managed by the [[Rivanna Water and Sewer Authority]]. The County Executive serves as one of five voting members of the RWSA's Board of Directors. Albemarle County residents on public water pay their bills to the [[Albemarle County Service Authority]], which maintains the delivery to its customers.  
  
The County does not currently build its own roads, but there has been discussion of taking on more responsibility to build and finance road projects{{fact}}. The County has a priority list for how [[Virginia Department of Transportation]] funding should be spent on both primary and [[Albemarle County Secondary Six-Year Priority List|secondary roads]]. Two members of the Board of Supervisors participate on the [[MPO Policy Board]], a regional body that plans for area transportation.
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The County does not currently build its own roads, and state funding for transportation projects has declined steeply in the last decade.<ref>{{cite web|title=Transportation Fund Gives Little Money to Central Virginia|url=http://www.newsplex.com/home/headlines/2013-Transportation-Fund-Gives-Little-Money-to-Central-Virginia-193146181.html |author=|work=|publisher=Newsplex|location=|publishdate=25 Feb 2013|accessdate=9 July 2013}}</ref> The County has a priority list for how [[Virginia Department of Transportation]] funding should be spent on both primary and [[Albemarle County Secondary Six-Year Priority List|secondary roads]]. Two members of the Board of Supervisors participate on the [[MPO Policy Board]], a regional body that plans for area transportation. In November 2014, supervisors agreed to restore the position of transportation planner. <ref>{{cite web|title=Albemarle to hire transportation planner|url=http://www.cvilletomorrow.org/news/article/19468-albemarle-to-hire-transportation-planner/|author=Sean Tubbs|work=|publisher=Charlottesville Tomorrow|location=|publishdate=|accessdate=November 11, 2014}}</ref>
  
 
The County has its own [[Albemarle County Fire and Rescue Department|Fire and Rescue Department]].
 
The County has its own [[Albemarle County Fire and Rescue Department|Fire and Rescue Department]].
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Albemarle County is considering enacting a [[stormwater utility fee]].<ref>{{cite-progress|title=County public works plan for stormwater mandate|url=http://www.dailyprogress.com/news/local/county-public-works-plan-for-stormwater-mandate/article_4a21f494-95c3-11e2-bf6e-001a4bcf6878.html|author=Aaron Richardson|pageno=|printdate=March 25, 2013|publishdate=March 25, 2013|accessdate=March 27, 2013|cturl=}}</ref> 
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Albemarle is also exploring [[Public-Private Partnerships|public-private partnerships]] to fund redevelopment of commercial spaces on U.S. 29 in the urban ring. <ref>{{cite web|title=Albemarle eyes public-private partnership for new government complex|url=http://www.cvilletomorrow.org/news/article/27551-albemarle-eyes-public-private-partnership/|author=Sean Tubbs|work=Sean Tubbs|publisher=Charlottesville Tomorrow|location=|publishdate=June 14, 2017|accessdate=June 26, 2017}}</ref>
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===Pedestrian safety===
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One concern is whether the county's urban areas provide sufficient opportunities for pedestrians.<ref>{{cite web|title=Recent Death Spotlights Pedestrian Safety Issues in Albemarle County|url=http://www.nbc29.com/story/20121218/recent-death-spotlights-pedestrian-issues-in-albemarle-county|author=|work=|publisher=NBC29|location=|publishdate=16 Nov 2012|accessdate=9 July 2012}}</ref>
  
 
== External Links ==
 
== External Links ==
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*[http://www.albemarle.org/department.asp?department=ctyatty&relpage=2784 Zoning code]
 
*[http://www.albemarle.org/department.asp?department=ctyatty&relpage=2784 Zoning code]
  
==Notes==
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''See also:'' [[Albemarle County population]]
<references/>
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==References==
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{{reflist}}
  
 
{{Geographic location
 
{{Geographic location
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[[Category:Albemarle County|*]]
 
[[Category:Albemarle County|*]]
 
[[Category: TJPDC Jurisdictions]]
 
[[Category: TJPDC Jurisdictions]]
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[[Category: 1744 establishments]]

Latest revision as of 10:20, 1 November 2017

Albemarle+County.jpg
Albemarle County is located in Central Virginia. The county seat is in Charlottesville, though the two jurisdictions are separate under Virginia law. A portion of the University of Virginia's Central Grounds is also located within Albemarle County.

History

The first patents for land in what would become Albemarle County were granted in 1727. Eight years late, settler Abraham Lewis secured 800 acres of land, including the area that would become UVA. Nicholas Meriwether II obtained 1,020 acres to the west of what would become Charlottesville in Southern Mountains. In 1737, William Taylor received patents for the land that would become the village of Charlottesville.[1]

The county itself was formed as a political entity in 1744 and is named after Willem van Keppel, the second Earl of Albemarle. He was a British diplomat who served at one point as Governor of the Virginia colony.[2]

In 1761 Albemarle County was split three ways, creating the new counties of Buckingham and Amherst. Latter Nelson County was split off from Amherst County and parts of Buckingham County was split off to help creat the counties of Campbell and Appomattox. In 1761 the western most portion of Louisa County was added to Albemarle. The current borders were established in 1777 when Fluvanna County was split off.

The original county seat was located at Scott's Ferry which was west of the present day town of Scottsville, but was moved to Charlottesville in 1762.

Several county departments moved into new offices in Court Square in 1939. [3]

Population and demographics

The 2010 U.S. Census counted 98,970 people in Albemarle, making it the 10th largest county in Virginia. That represents a 17.6% increase from 2000.[4] The population topped 100,000 for the first time in 2011.[5]

Nearly 78% of the population is white, 9.6% is African-American, and 5.5 is Hispanic.[6]

According to the U.S. Census, the median age in the county is 38.2.[6]

The median income in 2010 was $33,000, seven percent higher than the national average.[6]

The Weldon Cooper Center estimated the population on July 1, 2016 was 105,715. [7]

Geography

The county has a total area of 725.9 square miles.[8] Much of it can be explored using the County's Geographic Information Service.

Zoning and development

36.6 square miles (~5%) of Albemarle County has been set aside as Designated Growth Areas while the remainder of the County, totaling 687.9 square miles, lies in the Rural Areas.[8] The County conducts planning efforts to channel growth into Development Areas in order to maintain the rural character of the County, facilitate economical service delivery and to promote neighborhood-style development as the preferred design.

Each of the County's designated growth areas is either master planned, or a master plan is pending. These are for Crozet, the area surrounding U.S. 29, the Pantops Master Plan, and the Village of Rivanna Master Plan.

Oversight of land use issues is performed by staff in the Department of Community Development.

County Government

The County's legislative body is the Albemarle County Board of Supervisors. Various boards and commissions help provide guidance to the Board as well as to the County Staff. A County Executive is hired by the Board of Supervisors to implement their policies, prepare and execute the budget, and to direct day-to-day operations of the County government. Jeffrey Richardson became executive on October 30, 2017.

All planning in the County is guided by the Comprehensive Plan, which was adopted in 1980. Capital improvement projects are managed by the County's Office of Facilities Development.

For electoral representation, the county is split into six Magisterial Districts: White Hall, Scottsville, Samuel Miller, Jack Jouett, Rio, and Rivanna. A full map is available here.

County government is guided by the County's Strategic Plan which sets benchmarks for key goals.

Albemarle is also a member of the Thomas Jefferson Planning District Commission.

In August 2010, the county was awarded a AAA bond rating by Standard & Poor's.[9]

Mission statement

"To enhance the well-being and quality of life for all citizens through the provision of the highest level of public service consistent with the prudent use of public funds"

Vision statement

"Albemarle County will feature walkable and self sufficient communities. The Countryside will be rural. The County's natural resources and natural beauty will be maintained. The County's educational system will be world class and the County's quality of life will be exceptional."

Departments

Communities

Scottsville is an independent town located along the James River in the southern part of the County. As such, it has its own town council and police force.

Main article: List of Albemarle communities

While Albemarle County only has one independent town, there are several distinct communities in the County.

Unincorporated areas include Crozet, Batesville, Earlysville, Free Union, Ivy, Keene, North Garden, Keswick and Covesville.

Infrastructure

The County's water supply is managed by the Rivanna Water and Sewer Authority. The County Executive serves as one of five voting members of the RWSA's Board of Directors. Albemarle County residents on public water pay their bills to the Albemarle County Service Authority, which maintains the delivery to its customers.

The County does not currently build its own roads, and state funding for transportation projects has declined steeply in the last decade.[10] The County has a priority list for how Virginia Department of Transportation funding should be spent on both primary and secondary roads. Two members of the Board of Supervisors participate on the MPO Policy Board, a regional body that plans for area transportation. In November 2014, supervisors agreed to restore the position of transportation planner. [11]

The County has its own Fire and Rescue Department.

Albemarle County is considering enacting a stormwater utility fee.[12]

Albemarle is also exploring public-private partnerships to fund redevelopment of commercial spaces on U.S. 29 in the urban ring. [13]

Pedestrian safety

One concern is whether the county's urban areas provide sufficient opportunities for pedestrians.[14]

External Links

See also: Albemarle County population

References

  1. Web. Charlottesville Urban Design and Affordable Housing, Kenneth A. Schwarz, Institute for Advanced Technology in the Humanities, retrieved November 29, 2012.
  2. Rainville, Lynn. "LoCoHistory » Blog Archive » The Earl and the Queen." LoCoHistory. 3 Feb. 2007. Web. 21 July 2010. <http://www.locohistory.org/blog/albemarle/2007/02/03/the-earl-and-the-queen/>.
  3. Web. New County Office Building, Staff Reports, Daily Progress Digitized Microfilm, Lindsay family, July 14, 1939, retrieved July 14, 2016 from University of Virginia Library. Print. July 14, 1939 page 4.
  4. Web. Analyzing area's growth will be key for future planning, Daily Progress, World Media Enterprises, February 5, 2011, retrieved February 9, 2011.
  5. Web. Albemarle population tops 100K for first time, Daily Progress Staff Reports, Daily Progress, World Media Enterprises, January 30, 2012, retrieved January 31, 2012.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Web. Albemarle County Demographic & Economic Data, 2010, Elaine Echols et. al., County of Albemarle, retrieved October 10, 2011.
  7. Web. Virginia Population Estimates, Website, Weldon Cooper Center for Public Service, January 30, 2017, retrieved April 4, 2017.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Albemarle County Comprehensive Plan Area as of December 2011." Community Development Department Albemarle County. PDF. 24 October 2013. <http://www.cvillepedia.org/mediawiki/images/Land_Area_Estimates_12-2011.pdf>.
  9. Albemarle County. County Receives AAA Bond Rating From Standard & Poors. Albemarle County. Albemarle County, 19 Aug. 2010. Web. 20 Aug. 2010. <http://www.albemarle.org/navpages.asp?info=release&ID=11713>.
  10. Web. Transportation Fund Gives Little Money to Central Virginia, Newsplex, 25 Feb 2013, retrieved 9 July 2013.
  11. Web. Albemarle to hire transportation planner, Sean Tubbs, Charlottesville Tomorrow, retrieved November 11, 2014.
  12. Web. County public works plan for stormwater mandate, Aaron Richardson, Daily Progress, World Media Enterprises, March 25, 2013, retrieved March 27, 2013.
  13. Web. Albemarle eyes public-private partnership for new government complex, Sean Tubbs, Sean Tubbs, Charlottesville Tomorrow, June 14, 2017, retrieved June 26, 2017.
  14. Web. Recent Death Spotlights Pedestrian Safety Issues in Albemarle County, NBC29, 16 Nov 2012, retrieved 9 July 2012.