First Amendment Monument
The First Amendment Monument, officially the Community Chalkboard and Podium, is a monument to the First Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, located in front of Charlottesville City Hall on the Downtown Mall. It is composed of two parts: a wall, 54 feet long by 7.5 feet high, and an adjacent podium. The monument was created by the Thomas Jefferson Center for the Protection of Free Expression, and designed by architects Peter O'Shea and Robert Winstead.
Audio of dedication
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Public officials cited location and quality of discourse and cause for concern. Charlottesville City Council ultimately voted 3-1 to approve the wall in 2001, with David Toscano opposing and Kevin Lynch abstaining. Council voted 3-1 to approve the location of the monument on July 21, 2003. 
- Web. The Community Chalkboard and Podium: A Monument to the First Amendment, The Thomas Jefferson Center for the Protection of Free Expression, retrieved 31 July 2012.
- Web. Writing on the wall: What the chalkboard will really do, David McNair, The Hook, Better Publications LLC, 23 June 2005, retrieved 31 July 2012.
- Web. Free Speech Monument Unveiled, Waldo Jaquith, cvillenews.com, 20 April 2006, retrieved 31 July 2012.
- Web. Community Chalkboard Unveiled on Downtown Mall, Sean Tubbs, Charlottesville Podcasting Network, April 20, 2006, retrieved September 16, 2014.
- Web. Charlottesville City Council meeting minutes, .pdf, Council Chambers, City of Charlottesville, July 21, 2003.